Turkmenistan country profile

Views on Islamic historical past and caliphate

 Turkmenistan country profile

The sudden death of Niyazov at the end of 2006 left an entire vacuum of power, as his cult of personality, corresponding to the one of eternal president Kim Il-sung of North Korea, had precluded the naming of a successor. Deputy Prime Minister Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who was named interim head of government, won the particular presidential election held in early February 2007. The sovereign state of Turkmenistan was dominated by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov (also known as Turkmenbashi) till his demise in 2006.

Religion in Azerbaijan

According to paragraphs 1-3 of Article 18 of the Constitution the religion acts separately from the government, each faith is equal earlier than the law and the propaganda of religions, abating human persona and contradicting to the ideas of humanism is prohibited. President Niyazov spent much of the country’s income on extensively renovating cities, Ashgabat in particular. Turkmenistan’s declaration of “everlasting neutrality” was formally recognized by the United Nations in 1995.

The 2003 legislation prohibits the ROC from conducting religious education programs without CRA and presidential approval, and there were no reports that either the CRA or the President permitted such programs. Homeschooling normally is allowed solely in circumstances of extreme sickness or incapacity and not for religious causes. There isn’t any official non secular instruction in public faculties; nonetheless, the Government requires all public schools and institutes of upper learning to carry common instruction on the Ruhnama. The Ministry of Education requires that every child convey a private copy of the Ruhnama to high school. President Berdimuhammedov raised the problem of schooling reform in January 2007 however there was no change within the Ruhnama coverage by the top of the reporting interval.


In 2012, a court ruled that Islam has no ethnic-primarily based divisions and, consequently, there can be no particularly Azeri mosques. This forced the closure of Almaty’s Azeri Shiite mosqueand could pose a threat to other unofficial Shiite locations of worship. A 2014 United Nations survey on non secular freedom discovered that the nation’s 2011 Religion Law outlawed “unofficial” mosques.

At the same time, nevertheless, total exports rose by a median of roughly 15% per year from 2003 to 2008, largely due to greater international oil and gas costs. As within the Soviet period, central planning and state management pervade the system, and the Niyazov government (in power 1991–2006) consistently rejected market reform packages. The state subsidized all kinds of commodities and companies from the early 1990s to 2019. Since his election in 2007, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow has unified the country’s dual currency trade fee, ordered the redenomination of the manat, decreased state subsidies for gasoline, and initiated improvement of a particular tourism zone (Awaza) on the Caspian Sea. As of 2018, 1 United States dollar is equal to three.50 Turkmenistan manat.

When you purchase a carpet at a state shop, these charges shall be included within the value, but double-check before handing over your cash. Those in a rush are greatest advised to buy from one of the many government retailers in Ashgabat, the place all carpets come full with an export licence. Despite being more expensive than purchases made at Tolkuchka Bazaar, this nonetheless works out as very good value.

Turkmenistan citizenship, being an integral attribute of the sovereignty of Turkmenistan, determines a person’s affiliation with the state and a stable authorized connection between them, and the totality of their mutual rights and obligations. 3Russia is included as a European nation here as a result of nearly all of its population (eighty%) lives in European Russia. 8Part of Norway, not part of the Schengen Area, particular open-border status beneath Svalbard Treaty.9Part of the Kingdom of Denmark, not part of the Schengen Area.10 Egypt spans the boundary between North Africa and the Middle East. Holders of diplomatic or official/service passports of Brunei, China, Hungary, India, Iran, North Korea, Pakistan Romania, South Korea, Turkey and holders of diplomatic passports only of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan don’t require a visa for Tajikistan.

Participants in these teams are subject to fines and administrative (not felony) arrest beneath the administrative code. The Government prohibits international missionary activity and overseas spiritual organizations; nonetheless, the law doesn’t prohibit the worship selections of foreigners. The government-appointed Council on Religious Affairs (CRA) reviews to the president and ostensibly acts as an intermediary between the government paperwork and registered religious organizations. It contains Sunni Muslim imams and the pinnacle of the Russian Orthodox Church, as well as authorities representatives, however no representatives of minority religious groups. In practice the CRA acts as an arm of the state, exercising direct management over the hiring, promotion, and firing of both Sunni Muslim and Russian Orthodox clergy in addition to serving to to manage all non secular publications and actions.

Phrases from the Ruhnama are inscribed on the massive mosque in former President Niyazov’s home village of Gypjak. The Turkmen of Turkmenistan, like their neighbors in Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran are Muslim. The wait will be long – the processing time for such permits is 10 working days. Several zones in Turkmenistan have been declared ‘no journey zones, or restricted areas’ by the Government – these are mainly the border areas next to Iran, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan, the region of Dashoguz (together with Dashoguz metropolis), and areas of the Caspian coast.

Ibadi Islam

In response to international stress, a 2004 presidential decree lifted legal penalties. The remaining civil law continues to allow the Government to manage spiritual life and to restrict the activities of all religious groups. The 2003 legislation did not codify spiritual actions in localities other than the place a gaggle was registered.

The United States and Turkmenistan have a most-favored-nation commerce settlement. The U.S. authorities considers the Soviet-era dual taxation convention to continue to be in effect and relevant between the United States and Turkmenistan.

Western Turkmenistan is likely one of the most industrially developed areas of the republic, emphasizing oil extraction and refining, chemical and mining industries, and fisheries and fish processing (alongside the Caspian Sea). The rural population is engaged mostly in raising sheep, goats, and camels. The Karakum is likely one of the world’s largest sand deserts, taking over the whole central a part of Turkmenistan and lengthening northward towards Kazakhstan.

Despite strong ties between Islam and national id, the society traditionally has been tolerant and inclusive of various religious beliefs. For example, within the early part of the 20th century Ashgabat was a refuge for Baha’is escaping persecution in Iran, and a Baha’i temple was built turkmenistan women within the metropolis at that time. Government repression of minority non secular teams does not reflect doctrinal or societal friction between the Muslim majority and minority spiritual teams.

Population consists of ninety six% Muslims, four% Christians and representatives of other religions. Red Village of Guba has been residence to Jews because the 13th century with their famous language, particular customs and traditions. There are 2 schools for Jews kids, 7 Jewish communities and 2 synagogues. The Bahá’í Faith in Azerbaijan crosses a fancy history of regional changes.